Expired medicines: safety, effectiveness, and disposal

Expired medicines: safety, effectiveness, and disposal Most medicines, whether prescription, over-the-counter (OTC), or complementary, are stamped with expiry dates: the final date at which the manufacturer can guarantee its full potency and effectiveness. But what...

Review: Grommets

Grommets - an update on common indications for tympanostomy  tube placement K Outhoff Senior Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology, University of Pretoria Corresponding author, email: kim.outhoff@up.ac.za Introduction Children younger than 7 years are at increased risk...

Acute Pain Guidelines

1. Acute pain management – Foreword I prefaced the first edition of the South African acute pain guidelines by stating that “acute pain management is not a luxury, it is a human right!” Six years have passed and the statement is still pertinent. The World Federation...

REVIEW Anaemia – a pale ale?

GL Muntingh,1* M Viljoen2 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of the Western Cape...

Review: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

An update on chronic obstructive  pulmonary disease Natalie Schellack, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University Gustav Schellack, Pharmaceutical Industry Richard Omoding,Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health...

Review: Schizophrenia

Providing an overview on antipsychotics: Schizophrenia a psychiatric challenge?   A 2017 Update Schellack N,1 BCur, BPharm, PhD (Pharmacy), Matlala M,2 BPharm, MSc (Med) Pharmacy, PhD (Pharmacy) 1Associate Professor, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences,...

GENERAL SURGERY

Does gender impact on female doctors’ experiences in the training and practice of surgery? A single centre study F Umoetok,1 J M Van Wyk,2 T E Madiba1 1Department of Surgery, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences University of KwaZulu-Natal....

Assessment of delirium in the intensive care unit

TF Kallenbacha* and LA Amadob a Department of Anaesthesia, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa b Department of Anaesthesia, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic...

Clinical practice guidelines for insomnia disorder

Lucille Malan,1* Nokuthula Dlamini2 1 Senior Lecturer, School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University 2 Junior Lecturer, School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University *Corresponding author, email: lucille.malan@smu.ac.za Insomnia...

GENERAL SURGERY

What is the diagnostic yield of colonoscopy in patients with a referral diagnosis of constipation in South Africa?  M Mjoli,1,2 V Govindasamy,1,2 T E Madiba2,3 1Department of Surgery, Greys Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa 2Department of Surgery, University of...

The Medicine Cupboard – Ivy leaf cough mixtures

Coughs and cough mixtures Stephani Schmidt, MSc(Pharm) Amayeza Information Services Introduction English ivy (Hedera helix) is a member of the Araliaceae family. It is a well-known decorative plant and is native to many parts of Europe and Southwest Asia. It is...

Colds and Flu

A cold or the flu – why is it important to know? Sumari Davis. BPharm Amayeza Information Services Introduction The pharmacy is often the first stop for patients with symptoms of a cold or the flu (influenza). Symptom management may be the same, but because flu can be...

Gastrointestinal Tract

Heartburn and  gastro-oesophageal reflux disease Haley van Wyk, BPharm Introduction Heartburn (a form of indigestion or acid reflux) is a painful burning sensation in the chest or throat, which usually occurs after eating. People who experience heartburn at least two...

Focus on….Risperidone (oral)

Haley van Wyk, BPharm Risperidone belongs to a class of antipsychotic agents, the benzisoxazole derivatives.1 It is a selective monoaminergic antagonist with unique properties. It has a high affinity for serotoninergic 5-HT2 and dopaminergic D2 receptors.2,3...